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Thursday, March 7, 2019

March 07, 2019

Aunt Jennifer's Tigers

Aunt Jennifer's Tigers|  Explanation in Hindi

Aunt Jennifer's Tigers


By Andrienne Rich

In this poem Andrienne Rich has illustrated her feminist concern. In a male dominated society, a woman of her time was only supposed to be  a dutiful homemaker. Through the world of Aunt Jennifer, this poem tells us about her desire to free herself from the clutches of abusive marriage and patriarchal society.
1. Aunt Jennifer's tigers prance
across a screen,
Bright topaz denizens of a
world of green
They do not fear the men
beneath the tree;
They pace in sleek chivalric

In this poem someone is a speaker whose aunt named Aunt Jennifer has been described here. It is  supposed that speaker is a lady or even a child. Aunt is embroidering Tigers which are prancing on tapestry. They seem walking with heavy and certain steps. They are yellow and bright like Cristal. They live in green and dense forest. They are not afraid of men under the tree. Meaning that men are just men for them, nothing to worry. They walk with sleek, chivalric and definite steps.
A Roadside Stand In Hindi | (हिंदी)
Explanation in Hindi:
इस poem में एक बोलने वाला है जिसकी आंटी का नाम Aunt Jennifer बताई गई है। Aunt एक पैनल पर कढ़ाई से टाईगर बना रही है । वे ऊँचे ऊँचे कदमों से आगे बढ़ रहे है। वे पुखराज की भांति पीले और चमकदार हैं। वे हरे  और घने जंगलों में निवास करते है। वे पेड़ के नीचे खड़े पुरुषों से भी नहीं डरते हैं।
A Thing Of Beauty | Summary In Hindi
2. Aunt Jennifer's finger fluttering
through her wool
Find even the ivory needle hard
to pull
The massive weight of Uncle's
wedding band
Sits heavily upon Aunt
Jennifer's hand
In this stenza we know that Aunt Jennifer is afraid of something. Though it is not clear, she is afraid of her husband. Her fingers are trembling with fear it seems. Perhaps Uncle is a dominating person who doesn't care about her. This indicates that she has not a happy married life. She is unsatisfied with their relationship. Her fingers are unable to pull even the needle it seems. Uncle's (her husband) dominating nature has become a burden in their marriage. Their bond of marriage is just like a band which is very hard to carry on like this.
Keeping Quiet : Keeping Quiet Summary In Hindi
Explanation in Hindi:

Aunt किसी चीज से डरी हुई प्रतीत होती है स्पष्ट तो नही है पर वो अपनी पति से डरी हुई प्रतीत होती है। उसकी उंगलियां डर से कांप रही है। उसे अपनी उंगलियों से कढाई की सुई खींचना भी मुश्किल हो रहा है। शायद अंकल बहुत डराने वाले व्यक्ति है और इसी बजह से उनकी शादी एक बोझ की तरह हो गयी है । उनका वैवाहिक सम्बन्ध किसी पट्टे की भांति ही गया है जिसे निभाना मुश्किल है।
An Elementary School Classroom In A Slum ( हिंदी)
3. When Aunt is dead, her terrified
hands will lie
Still ringed with ordeals she
was mastered by
The tigers in the panel that she
Will go on prancing, proud and

In the last stenza, speaker imagined something very hard.  When Aunt Jennifer  will be dead, her terrified hands will lie still. Even after death, her hands will be surrounded by the work her husband ordered her throughout life. Their relationship is like that of  master and slave where uncle is master and aunt is slave. After her death, Tigers she has made on the panel will continue walking proudly and without any fear. Thus aunt will die one day but her work of art will remain for ever.
In short, aunt has made Tigers on a screen which are opposite to her own character. Perhaps she reflects her own desire to live like these tigers which she couldn't. May she wants to show the dominating nature of her husband who dominated her.
My Mother At Sixty Six Summary In Hindi
Explanation in Hindi:
Poet ये कल्पना कर रहा है कि यदि Aunt की मृत्यु भी हो गयी तो भी वह शायद उन्ही क्रियाकलापों में घिरी रहेगी जिनसे वह पूरी उम्र घिरी रही। ये सारे काम उसने अपने पति के आदेश पर किये हैं। उनका सम्बन्ध मालिक और दास के जैसा प्रतीत होता है। उसकी मृत्यु के बाद भी ये टाइगर पहले की भांति बड़े गर्व से जीते रहेंगे और उन्हें किसी की परवाह नही होगी। उसकी मृत्यु के बाद भी उसका ये आर्ट सदा बना रहेगा।
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New words:
Prance : ( ऊंचे कदमों से चलना) walk or move around with high
springy steps.
Topaz: (पुखराज)  a bright yellow coloured stone.
Denizens:  (निवासी) habitant;  here, an animal that lives or is
found in a particular place.
Sleek:  (आकर्षक) elegant.
Chivalric : (शिष्टाचारी) being courteous especially to women, an act of a gentleman.
Ordeals:  (क्रियाएँ) extremely severe tests or experiences.
Fluttering: (काँपते हाथों से ) to move in quick, irregular motions as if being agitated.

Gobind Sagar Lake | New Tourist Places In India

Friday, March 1, 2019

March 01, 2019

A Roadside Stand in Hindi | (हिंदी)

A Roadside Stand | in Hindi (हिंदी) 

Robert Frost
Class 10+2 CBSE Poem 
A Roadside Stand in Hindi
Roadside stand

1.The little old house was out with a little new shed
In front at the edge of the road where the traffic sped,
A roadside stand that too pathetically pled,
I would not be fair to say for a dole of bread,
But for some of the money, the cash, whose flow supports
The flower of cities from sinking and withering faint.

A Roadside Roadside Stand  in Hindi | (हिंदी)


Frost has drawn a vivid picture of farmers. Farmers have built a new shed outside a small old house  alongside the road. These farmers plea the  city people traveling in their speeding cars to stop. Yet, they are not asking for  alms or charity. They only want to get some cash which has made  the life of city people easy. Thus they want to lift their own life.
Read also: A Thing Of Beauty | Summary In Hindi
  • Out with.  –  (  बढाया हुआ) Extended
  • Traffic –(गाड़ियां जो सड़क पर गुजर रही है) Vehicles
  • Sped – (तेज़ गति से ) Passed in great haste and speed
  • Roadside stand –(शेड ) a little shed
  • Dole   - (भीख में मांगना)  Piece, City money: Big amount of money

Explanation in Hindi:

किसानों ने पुराने घर के आगे एक शेड बनाया है ताकि वे अपने उत्पादों को बेच सकें। ये शेड सड़क के किनारे पर है जहाँ से शहर के लोग अपनी चमचमाती गाड़ियों में गुजरते हैं। यह कहना उचित नही होगा कि इन किसानों ने भीख के लिए इस शेड को बनाया है । किसान तो अपने उत्पादों को बेच कर कुछ पैसे कमाना चाहते हैं। ताकि उनका जीवन भी शहर के लोगों की भांति सुधर सके।

A Roadside Stand in Hindi
Products for sale

Read also : Keeping Quiet : Keeping Quiet Summary In Hindi
2.The polished traffic passed with a mind ahead,
Or if ever aside a moment, then out of sorts
At having the landscape marred with the artless paint
Of signs what N turned wrong and S turned wrong
Offered for sale wild berries in wooden quarts,
Or crook-necked golden squash with silver warts.
Or beauty rest in a beautiful mountain scene,
You have the money, but if you want to be mean,
Why keep your money (this crossly) and go along.

A Roadside Stand in Hindi


People sitting in polished cars go on without taking notice of the roadside stand. If ever they turn their head to see the stand , only to complain that they have ruined the landscape by making signs of North and South artlessly.
An Elementary School Classroom In A Slum ( हिंदी)
They don't see that they have put some berries and golden squashes in wooden baskets. These bent necked squashes show that they are not of good quality.

Feel in hand - (वास्तव में ) The poor people do not want promises. They want the promises fulfilled. 

 Being: Life – Expand:    (सुधार)  Improve

Crossly – ( नाराजगी से ) Angrily

They had none –  They had no gas to sell

Explanation in Hindi :

ये गाड़ियों में जाने वाले लोग बिना सिर गुमाये आगे बढ़ जाते है। यदि थोड़ी देर के लिए कभी अपनी नजर घुमाते भी हैं तो वो केवल शिकायत ही करते है कि कैसे पेंट से बेढंगे निशान बना कर इस जगह की सुंदरता को ही स्माप्त किया है।
My Mother At Sixty Six Summary In Hindi
3. The hurt to the scenery wouldn't be my complaint
So much as the trusting sorrow of what is unsaid:
Here far from the city we make our roadside stand
And ask for some city money to feel in hand
To try if it will not make our being expand
And give us the life of the moving-pictures' promise
That the party in power is said to be keeping from us.
that way.

A Roadside Stand  in Hindi | (हिंदी)

Poet here points out that damage to the scenic beauty is not his complaint. His grief is that the promises made to these farmers have never kept. They have made a stand very far from city and want to get some money. This money can improve their life. This money can give them life standard as promised in movies . It is said that the party in power is not providing that type of facilities.
Ramshehar Fort Resort | Top Tourist Places To Visit In Himachal Pradesh

Explanation in Hindi:

इस जगह की सुंदरता को खराब करना मेरी शिकायत नही है मेरी शिकायत तो उस भरोसे को टूटने की है जो इन किसानों को दिया गया था । यहाँ शहर से बहुत दूर हमने ये दुकान बनाई है ताकि शहरोँ के कुछ पैसे को हम भी अपने हाथों में महसूस कर सकें। और हमारे जीवन मे भी कुछ सुधार हो सके। उनका जीवन भी फिल्मों में दिखाए जाने वाले जीवन की तरह आरामदायक हो सके। वो जीवन जिसके बारे में कहा जाता है कि सत्तासीन दल उनसे दूर रखे हुए है।
Gobind Sagar Lake | New Tourist Places In India
4. It is in the news that all these pitiful kin
Are to be bought out and mercifully gathered in
To live in villages, next to the theatre and the store.
Where they won't have to think for themselves anymore.
While greedy good-doers, beneficent beasts of prey,
Swarm over their lives enforcing benefits
That are calculated to soothe them out of their wits,
And by teaching them how to sleep they sleep all day,
Destroy their sleep at night the ancient way.


This is in news that these poor people will be moved mercifully to the villages next to theatre and market . They need not to worry for anything there. Some  greedy will try to get advantage of their lives. They will befool these innocent and ignorant people. They will do everything to exploit them and to make their lives miserable again. They will be taught to sleep all the day as they have no work to do. Thus their night's sleep will be destroyed also.

Explantion in Hindi:

समाचार है कि इन गरीब किसानों को दयापूर्वक शहर के पास थिएटर और बाज़ार के निकट बसाया जाएगा। यहाँ पर इन्हें किसी प्रकार की चिंता करने की आवश्यकता नहीं होगी। फिर भी उनके भले का दिखावा करने बाले लालची लोग अपना हित साधने से नहीं चुकेंगे। वो किसानों का सब कुछ लूट कर उन्हें फिर से उसी अवस्था मे पहुंचा देंगे। ये निश्चिंत होकर दिन में भी सोये रहेगें ओर फिर इनकी पहले की रातों की नींद भी जाति रहेगी।

5. Sometimes I feel myself I can hardly bear
The thought of so much childish longing in vain,
The sadness that lurks near the open window there,
That waits all day in almost open prayer
For the squeal of brakes, the sound of a stopping car,
Of all the thousand selfish cars that pass,
Just one to inquire what a farmer's prices are.
And one did stop, but only to plow up grass
In using the yard to back and turn around;
And another to ask the way to where it was bound;
And another to ask could they sell it a gallon of gas
They couldn't (this crossly); they had none, didn't it see?

Tourist Places In India | Naina Devi Temple


Farmers keep waiting in vain all the day to stop a car. Poet says it is unbearable to see the plight of these farmers. They desire that a car stop there to ask the price of their produce. Though their longing is childish it seems as no-one stops their. They keep window open all the day and wait in vain with their sad faces. They pray that sound of stopping car should be heard out of thousands of cars that pass through  all the day and enquire the prices of their products. After all one car stops only  to use the yard of the stand to turn around and plow grass up doing so. Another stops to enquire where this road leads to. Another stops to ask if they can sell gasoline to them. At this, they become angry and say they can't. They say if city people want to keep their money with them then do so and go ahead.

Expanation in Hindi:

कभी कभी  ऐसा लगता है कि इनका बच्चों की भांति व्यर्थ में सारा दिन इंतजार करना असहनीय है। ये सारा दिन खुली खिड़की के आगे उदास बैठे रहते हैं तथा किसी गाड़ी के ब्रेक लगने की आवाज सुनने की प्रतीक्षा करते रहते है।  हजारों गुजरती गाड़ियों  में बैठे स्वार्थी लोगों में से कोई तो वहाँ रुक कर इनके उत्पादों का मूल्य पूछे। आखिरकार एक गाड़ी रुकी लेकिन वो इनके आंगन का प्रयोग मुड़ने के लिए ही करती है। ऐसा करते वक्त वो घास को भी उखाड़ देती है। दूसरी गाड़ी रुकती है लेकिन ये पूछने के लिए की ये सड़क किधर जाती है। तीसरी गाड़ी पूछती है कि क्या वो एक गैलन पेट्रोल बेच सकते थे। इस पर किसान नाराज होकर कहते हैं कि क्या वो देख नहीं सकते कि बो नही बेचते है । यदि वो दुष्ट ही बनना चाहते है तो ठीक है अपना धन अपने पास ही रखो और आगे बढ़ जाओ।

6. No, in country money, the country scale of gain,
The requisite lift of spirit has never been found,
Or so the voice of the country seems to complain.


These are very deprived people. Their lives can't improve by giving them some money. Country's progress doesn't help them to lift up their lives. They are not encouraged to keep their spirits high. This is not the problem of only these farmers. The country seems complaining in the same voice.
The voice of the country –  ( ग्रामीण लोगों का दुःख) Cry of the poor villagers

I can’t help owning the great relief it would be –  ( अवास्तविक राहत महसूस करना)   I keep on feeling an unreal relief of the villagers

At one stroke – (तुरंत , एक ही बार मे) Instantly

Explanation in Hindi :

देश का पैसा या देश की प्रगति से इन किसानों के जीवन मे कोई सुधार देखने को नही मिलता है। इनके मनोवल को ही कभी नही बढ़ाया गया। ये शिकायत इन्ही किसानों की नहीं है। सारा देश ही इसी शिकायत को करता हुआ प्रतीत होता है।
Status Of Education In India
6. I can't help owning the great relief it would be
To put these people at one stroke out of their pain.
And then next day as I come back into the sane
I wonder how should like you to come to me
And offer to put me greatly out of my pain.


Poet personally feels that he would be very relieved if some put these farmers out of pain at one stroke. When poet would return to these farmers next day, they offer help to the poet. This would be very helpful to get out of pain caused by the plight of farmers. Meaning that poet would be very happy with this.
कहीं आपके बच्चे नशा तो नही करते?

As I come back into the sane – ( जब में होश में आऊं)  As I come back to my senses/reality

My pain –( किसानों की पीड़ा) My pain is the sufferings/plight of the poor people

Put me out of my pain –  (किसानों के दुखों काA दूर होना) I hope you the rich promise to open your hands for these poor people

Explanation in Hindi :

कवि इन किसानों की दशा से अत्यधिक विचलित है। वह चाहता है कि कोई इनकी इस दशा को एक ही बार मे समाप्त कर दे । जब वह दोबारा इनके पास आये तो वो इतने खुशहाल हो गए हो कि वो किसी की भी पीड़ा को समाप्त करने के लायक हो गए हों।

Sunday, February 17, 2019

February 17, 2019

A Thing of Beauty | Summary in Hindi

A Thing of Beauty | Summary in Hind

A Thing of Beauty | Summary in Hindi
Thing of beauty

A Thing of Beauty  is class 12th CBSE, NCERT Poem . Poem' A Thing of Beauty'  is  written by  famous romantic poet, John Keats. In this poem poet tells us how beautiful natural things and wonders of this world fascinate us and take away all the sorrow that surrounds fromtime to time.

 About the poet 

A Thing of Beauty | Summary in Hindi
John Keats

John Keats was born in London in
the year 1795 and died in Rome in
1821 at the young age of 25 due to
illness. He is a romantic poet and his poetry is characterized by
sensual imagery in his most popular work which is a series of odes (a lyrical poem which is meant for a particular subject). Today, his
poems are one of the most sought
after creations in English literature. The above given poetry is an
excerpt from his poem, 'Endymion :
A Poetic Romance (1818).

A Thing of Beauty

1. A thing of beauty is a joy forever
Its loveliness increases, it will never
Pass into nothingness; but will keep
A bower quiet for us, and a sleep
  Full of sweet dreams, and health, and quiet breathing.


Poet ,in this poem, says that a thing of beauty remains forever and it never lasts. Whenever we see a beautiful thing, it gives us joy. 
This joy and pleasure  becomes permanent and it's loveliness increases with the passage of time and never finishes. That beautiful thing becomes like a shadow of trees which provides relief for travelers. Whenever we think about that beautiful thing, it refreshes our mind and provide quietness. It also gives us sleep which is full of dreams. Thus we can live healthy and peacefully with the memories of that beautiful thing.

Explanation in Hindi:

Poet यहां  सुन्दर चीजों का बर्णन करते हुये कहता है कि सुंदरता की चीज सदा के लिए आनंद बन जाता है और कभी खत्म नहीं होता है सुन्दर चीज का आनंद सदा बना रहता है । जब कभी हम उस चीज के बारे में सोचते है तो उसकी सुंदरता और बढ़ती जाती है । यह सुंदरता की चीज एक छायादार स्थान की तरह है जो हमारे नीरस जीवन को राहत प्रदान करती है ,सपनों से भरी हुई नींद प्रदान करती है, स्वस्थ और शांति प्रदान करती है ।
2.  Therefore, on every morrow, are we wreathing
A flowery band to bind us to the earth,
Spite of despondence, of the inhuman dearth
Of noble natures, of the gloomy days,
Of all the unhealthy and o'er-darkened ways
Made for our searching: yes, in spite of all,
Some shape of beauty moves away the pall
From our dark spirits. 

Explanation |A Thing of Beauty 

Read Also: An Elementary School Classroom In A Slum ( हिंदी)

There is lack of noble people in this world. Selfishness and greed prevails everywhere. There are many uncertainties and mysterious things which continuously happen in our lives. Despite of despair, we are tightly bound to this earth for there are many beautiful things in this world. And with the help of these beautiful things, we are able to remove the shroud of gloom from our lives. We keep searching beautiful things to be happy and to set aside unpleasant experience of life. These beautiful things are like as a flowery band which keep us bound with this world.

Explanation in Hindi |A Thing of Beauty 

इस संसार में अच्छे लोगों की भारी कमी है । हर व्यक्ति लालच और स्वार्थ से भरा हुआ है । इस संसार मे लगातार रहस्यमयी घटनाएं भी घटती रहती है । जिससे हमारा जीवन उदासी और निराशा से भर जाता है। इन सब निराशाओं के बाबजूद हम इस जीवन और इस संसार से प्रेम करते हैं तथा इस धरती से हम मजबूती से जुड़े महसूस करते हैं। हम कभी भी इस संसार को छोड़ कर जाना नही चाहते हैं। यही सुंदरता की चीजें हमारे जीवन से निराशा रूपी कफ़न को हटाने का काम करती है।
3. Such the sun, the moon,
Trees, old and young, sprouting a shady boon
For simple sheep: and such are daffodils
With the green world they live in; and clear rills
That for themselves a cooling covert make
Gainst the hot season: the mid forest brake.
Rich with a sprinkling of fair musk-rose blooms:

Explanation |A Thing of Beauty 

A Thing of Beauty | Summary in Hindi
The Sun

Poet gives a list of beautiful things here. It includes sun , moon, young and old trees which make a shady place for  simple sheep to protect them from scorching heat. Here simple sheep has a symbolic meaning. It symbolises for gentle and noble people.
A Thing of Beauty | Summary in Hindi
Daffodils bloom in green forest are also a thing of beauty. Clear little rivers  make a shady place to protect themselves against hot season. Small river which flows through mid forest has some musk roses blooming.

Explanation in Hindi:

Poet यहाँ हमें सुंदर चीजों की सूची दे रहा रहा है । उसके अनुसार सूर्य, चाँद, छोटे बड़े पेड़ जो भोली भाली भेड़ो( यहाँ भेड़े प्रतीकात्मक रूप से बताई गई है, भेड़ो से यहाँ अभिप्राय भले लोगों से है) के लिए छायादार जगह बनाते है, daffodils जो अपने हरे भरे संसार मे खिलते है, छोटी छोटी जल धाराएं जो अपने दोनों किनारों पर पौधों के रूप में गर्मी से बचने के लिए छाया का निर्माण करती हैं तथा छोटी नदी जिसके किनारे कही कही सफ़ेद गुलाब खिले रहते है । कवि के अनुसार ये सब चीजें सुंदरता की चीजें है ।

4. And such too is the grandeur of the dooms
We have imagined for the mighty dead;
All lovely tales that we have heard or read;
An endless fountain of immortal drink,
Pouring unto us from the heaven's brink.

Explanation | A Thing of Beauty 

We have also heard  lovely tales of magnificent heavenly judgement passed on the noble people in heaven. We have imagined and heard that God will give them rewards for their good deeds. We imagine that an endless fountain of heavenly drink is constantly flowing heaven's end. This is an  imagery presented here which makes this poem more beautiful.
Being prevailed all these beautiful things in this world, we love our life despite of all despair and  gloom .

Explanation in Hindi:

हमने जितनी भी कहानियां पढ़ी या सुनी है , उनके अनुसार  महान और भले लोगो के प्रति ईशवर का अंतिम निर्णय भी उतना ही महान होगा। उन्हें ईश्वर के द्वारा उनके अच्छे कार्यों के लिए उचित इनाम दिया जाएगा। अर्थात उन्हें स्वर्ग की प्राप्ति होगी। स्वर्ग के उस छोर से निरंतर अमृत की धारा हम तक प्रवाहित होती रहती है। 

New words : A Thing of Beauty 

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Pass into nothingness : (बन्द होना, खत्म होना ) stop happening.

bower :  (छायादार जगह) pleasant shady place.

quiet breathing : (आरामदायक जीवन) comfortable living.

morrow : (आने वाला दिन) following day.

wreathing : (लिपटना, जुड़े हुये होना) to encircle.

flowery band:  ( सुन्दर पट्टा, जुड़ाव) beautiful bond.

Spite :        (नाराज करने की इच्छा)  desire to annoy someone.

despondence :       (निराशा) despair.

inhuman dearth  : (भयानक कमी) acute shortage.

unhealthy and o'er-darkened ways:  ( रहस्यमयी घटनाएं) bad and mysterious things.

pall.  :   (कफ़न)  Shroud

dark spirits  :   (बुरे लोग)  bad people,
shady boon  :   (वरदान)  blessings.

simple sheep :   (भले लोग)  gentle people.

covert  :    (गुप्त और छुपा स्थान)  secret or hidden place

sprinkling  :   (विरला) scattering

Gainst  :   (विपरीत)  against

Rills :   (जल धाराएं)  streams of water

brake :    (छोटी नदी)  small river

grandeur :   (महानता)  magnificence

dooms :   (अंतिम समय) last day of existence

mighty dead  :  (महान व्यक्ति)  famous, great people

immortal drink  :  (अमृत)  heavenly drink

brink :   (द्वार, छोर)  door , end
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Monday, January 14, 2019

January 14, 2019

Environmental Pollution

Environmental Pollution

Environmental Pollution

There is a very delicate ecological balance that sustains life on this earth. But man, in the name of development, has interfered badly with this fibre of delicate balance and destroyed its environment. In return, he has created for himself a hell that threatens the existence of man on this planet.
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 Due to senseless deforestation and emission of toxic gases into the environment, man has contributed significantly to global warming. Scientists warn that increase in the temperature of earth could result into the melting of glaciers on the earth. The glaciers have the reservoirs of water on the earth.

Their melting could result into the rise of sea level on the earth and wiping out life on the countries that lie close to the sea. Man has turned a deaf ear to the threats that nature poses before us. If there is rise in the sea level, some of the countries like Italy, France and England would be wiped from the surface of the earth.
Man is to blame none other than himself for this catastrophe. It is high time man rose up to the threats that nature poses for us for this tinkering with ecological concern.
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  We should rise to the occasion to arrest the senseless cutting of trees and contributing towards releasing toxic gases into the air depleting the ozone layer of the earth. The UV rays of the sun wand reach earth directly in the absence of ozone layer. So man should do his bit to save the earth.
We have to contribute in little ways to save the environment of this earth.